The gold standard of electoral systems is the single transferable vote form of proportional representation using multi-member electoral districts.

Features of the gold standard include:

For smaller representative bodies such as local government councils, the district magnitude can also be 3.


Upgrading to the gold standard would deliver:

  • a group of representatives (the parliament) that better reflects the views of voters;
  • ensure that many more voters have a representative in their district that they actually voted for; and
  • enable voters to choose between candidates from the same party, e.g. between male or female candidates, or between a sitting member and a renewal candidate.

If you are a newcomer to electoral systems, visit our context page, and then progress to our benefitsprinciples and policies pages. Our library offers booklets, definitions and explanations on a variety of terms. Interested supporters are invited to join.