The gold standard of electoral systems is the single transferable vote form of proportional representation using multi-member electoral districts.

Features of the gold standard include:

For smaller representative bodies such as local government councils, the district magnitude can also be 3.


Upgrading to the gold standard would deliver:

  • a group of representatives (the parliament) that better reflects the views of voters;
  • a higher proportion of voters with a representative in their district that they actually voted for;
  • more stability for the major parties (a small swing won’t result in a large change in their number of seats); and
  • a simple way for the major parties to be non-discriminatory (parties can pre-select both male and female candidates);
  • a simple way for the major parties to manage transitions (parties can pre-select both a sitting member and a renewal candidate).

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