The gold standard of electoral systems is the single transferable vote form of proportional representation using multi-member electoral districts. It enables voters to choose between candidates from the same party; and ensures a better match between the number of votes cast for a party and the number of seats won by that party. Features include:
- Electoral districts each returning the same number of members, with a district magnitude of 5 or 7
- An odd number of districts
- Electors explicitly mark candidates in their order of preference, as few or as many as they choose
- Each member represents the same number of voters
- Allocation of votes to candidates uses either the Weighted Inclusive Gregory Transfer method or the Meek method
- The chair, president, speaker or mayor has either a deliberative or a casting vote, but not both
- Casual vacancies filled by countback
- Ballot papers printed in multiple different versions, using Robson Rotation
- Entrenchment of the electoral system via referendum
For smaller representative bodies such as local government councils, the district magnitude can also be 3.
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